Forage plants by bloom date chart

Please see the original article from which this chart is taken. It comes from NASA – specifically from the Goddard Space Flight Center. Who knew Goddard was into honeybees!

This is a great reference of plants that our bees enjoy listed in the order that they appear each year.

List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 11 for the State of MDOrdered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA code Family Latin Name Common Name Plant Type Begin Bloom Month End Bloom Month Sig
STELL Caryolphyllaceae Stellaria Chickweed, stitchwort F 1 12 N
SYFO Araceae Symplocarpus foetidus Skunk cabbage, polecat weed F 2 5 N
TAOFC Asteraceae Taraxacum Dandelion, blow-balls F 2 10 N
ACER Aceraceae Acer maple TDB 2 6 N
ALNUS Betulaceae Alnus Mill. Alder TDB 2 5 N
ULMUS Ulmaceae Ulmus Elm TDB 2 4 N
PRPE3 Rosaceae Prunus persica Peach TDB, C 2 5 N
BRASS2 Brassicaceae Brassica mustard C 3 11 N
RUBUS Rosaceae Rubus Blackberry S, C 3 6 Y
MALUS Rosaceae Malus Apple TDB 3 5 N
SALIX Salicaceae Salix Willow, osier TDB 3 6 N
PRAV Rosaceae Prunus Cherry (cultivated) TDB,C 3 5 N
ILEX Aquifoliaceae Ilex Holly, yaupon TEB 3 6 N
PYRUS Rosaceae Pyrus Pear C 4 5 N
FRAGA Rosaceae Fragaria _ananassa Strawberry F 4 5 N
MELIL Fabaceae Melilotus Sweet clover (white/yellow) F 4 10 N
TRRE3 Fabaceae Trifolium repens White, dutch clover F 4 10 Y
TOXIC Anacardiaceae Toxicodendron Poison ivy, oak S 4 7 N
LITU Magnoliaceae Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip tree, poplar, whitewood TDB 4 6 Y
PRAV Rosaceae Prunus Cherry (uncultivated) TDB 4 5 N
ROPS Fabaceae Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust, false acacia, yellow locust TDB 4 6 Y
CILAL Cucurbitaceae Citrullus lanatus watermelon C 5 8 N
CUCUR Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita L. Pumpkin, squash, gourd C 5 9 N
CUME Cucurbitaceae Cucumis melo Cantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba, C 5 8 N
ASCLE Asclepiadaceae Asclepias Milkweed, butterfly flower F 5 9 N
MONAR Lamiaceae Monarda Horsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balm F 5 9 N
FAES2 Polygonaceae Fagopyrum esculentum Buckwheat, brank F, C 5 10 N
RHUS Anacardiaceae Rhus Sumac, sugar bush, lemonade berry S 5 8 Y
TILIA Tiliaceae Tilia Basswood, lime tree, whitewood TDB 5 7 Y
CUSA4 Cucurbitaceae Cucumis sativus cucumber C 6 9 N
ASTER Asteraceae Aster Aster F 6 11 N
BIDEN Asteraceae Bidens Spanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseed F 6 10 N
CIRSI Asteraceae Cirsium Thistles F 6 10 Y
GLYCI Fabaceae Glycine Soybean, soja bean C 7 10 N
AGAST Lamiaceae Agastache Anise hyssop, blue hyssop F 7 9 N
SOLID Asteraceae Solidago Goldenrod F 7 11 N
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Plant Type codes: Sig column
      T    – tree
TDB – tree, deciduous broadleaf
TEN – tree, evergreen needleleaf
TEB – tree, evergreen broadleaf
S    – shrub
SEB – shrub, evergreen broadleaf
SDB – shrub, deciduous broadleaf
V    – vine
VDB – vine, deciduous broadleaf
G    – grass
F    – forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
C    – crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a ‘Y’ and the row is highlighted.In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that “reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey” within the selected region.
 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.

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